PURPLEHEART

amarantoBOTANICAL NAMES
Peltogyne venosa. It belongs to the family of Leguminosae cesaipiniaceae

> TRADE NAMES
Amarante – France
Purpleheart – Great Britain

> ORIGINAL NAMES
Guarabù, pau roxo, ipé roxo – Brazil
Morena, morado, nazareno – Venezuela

> GROWTH AREA
This tree develops from Mexico to Amazonian and Brazil ground, all over the Tropical America.

> TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES
The sapwood is characterised by a whitish colour, clearly distinguished from the heartwood which, before being seasoned, presents a dark-grey colour that tends toward the typical violet after the seasoning or after a long exposure on the open air. It has a fine and medium texture, and presents a fibre that, at the true quarter cut, is characterised by many streaks cause to the al controfilo. It is a hard, heavy and durable wood, but the sapwood is usually removed, since it is very liable to insect and fungi attacks.

> SPECIFIC WEIGHT
Its specific weight depends on its growth area and changes from 800 to more than 1.000 Kg/m3 with a medium weight of 880.

> DRYING METHOD
This wood doesn’t present a remarkable tendency of splitting or warping, so the natural drying process is easy. Instead, for the artificial one it is required more attention for the pieces with a larger thickness, where it is more difficult to take the humidity out from the heart of the wood.

> MAIN USES AND WORKING
It is easy to work, even if sometimes the presence of the controfilo could provoke some difficulties. It only requires a careful planning to obtain a considerable sheen. It is also easily varnished. No difficulty to produce joints with glue and screws, but nail joints should be predrilled. Polishing and cutting can be easily done with good returns, even if its permanence near the steam for long, could bring to some fades. It is a valuable wood, especially used from cabinet-makers, polished tools, floors and decorative sawn woods. It’s also used for boat buildings and for pylons placed in the water.

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