> BOTANICAL NAMES
Ulmus campestris. It belongs to the family of Ulmaceae.
> TRADE NAMES
Orme champètre, Ormeau – France
Smooth leavedelm – England
> GROWTH AREA
This tree develops below the centre and the south of Europe, but it can be found also in the Scandinavian area, in the North of Africa and in Asia.
> TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES
Sapwood and heartwood are clearly distinguished. The sapwood is narrow, grey – light yellowish. Instead, the heartwood is dark-reddish and darkens on open air. It is a decorative wood, considered one of the best European wood in quality, mainly use for furniture and furnishing. It is quite heavy and hard, very resistant to the pressure but it has a little resistance to the traction. It is also quite flexible.
> SPECIFIC WEIGHT
The specific weight of this wood which has been seasoned on the open air, goes through many changes, from 550 to 850 kg. each cube meter.
> DRYING METHOD
The drying process must be carried out very slowly and carefully since this wood has a marked tendency to degrading through splitting and warping. When dried it becomes very steady.
> MAIN USES AND WORKING
Generally, the manufacture of this wood doesn’t present any difficulties. The finishing of its surface presents no special problems. All the joints with glue, screws and nails are easy to produce and hold well. It can be polished, sliced and stripped. This wood can have several uses in the furniture industry. It is required for the production of furniture, seats, interior furnishings, floors, for railway manufacture and sportive articles.
This tree develops especially in Europe, Asia and North of America. Here below the names of the most famous varieties: