TEAK

teak> BOTANICAL NAMES
Tectona grandis. It belongs to the family of Verbenaceae.

> TRADE NAMES 
Teak – Italy
Teak – Germany, England 
Teck – France

> ORIGINAL NAMES
Sagon, Thekku, Tegina, Tadi – India
Jati, Sak – Thailand

> GROWTH AREA
Teak is original from India and Barmaid, from Siam and Indonesia, but it has extended the growth area until the west of the tropical Africa. In the trade market, the different varieties can be identified from the name of its provenience (Teakof Giava, teak of Burma, and so on).

> TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES
Sapwood and heartwood are clearly distinguished. The first is thin, whitish and completely different from the colour of the heartwood which is dark greenish and darkens at the exposure of the air. This wood, especially if grown in limited height areas of Java, is very fat and so it has a great resistance to humidity and to the parasite attacks. It has a coarse texture and straight wire.

> SPECIFIC WEIGHT 
The specific weight of the timber seasoned on open air, can be value from 550 to 750 Kg. for m.c., although the weight depends from the original provenience of the tree.

> DRYING METHOD 
The artificial drying, even if it must be done very slowly, doesn’t present difficulties.

> MAIN USES AND WORKING 
Teak is mainly used for many kind of shipbuilding: from boats to the above deck structures, deck cabins, etc. This wood is also required for the production of valuable and fine furniture.